Nuclear Arms Race/Cold War News Monitoring (Summer 2019) - Ediza, 29th subcritical test - Subcritical Test News '19

   Feb. 4, 2021 - Cuba deposits the instrument of ratification of the CTBT


  Nuclear Arms Race/Cold War News Monitoring (Summer 2019)

Background on subcritical tests (complete list of U.S. tests)

Here's my 'Slideshare' (powerpoint) from 2011 that outlines the degradation of transparency about subcritical nuclear tests since 1997

A Subcritical Fallout - Planned nuclear tests by Washington raise a storm of protest, Outlook India, April 23, 1997, By Ludwina A. Joseph

Take a hard look at subcritical tests - Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, November 21, 1996, by Frank von Hippel and Suzanne Jones

NUCLEAR SECURITY: Nevada Test Site getting new life - Las Vegas Review Journal, September 14, 2009, By Keith Rogers

How Bush Learned To Love the Bomb - Salon (via Der Spiegel), March 30, 2005, By Leigh Flayton

#6 - U.S. Nuclear Program Subverts U.N.'s Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty, 'CENSORED 1999 - The News That Didn't Make the News - The Year's Top 25 Censored Stories,' (Seven Stories Press) by Peter Phillips and Project Censored

The Nuclear Tests in Verbal Camoflauge (in Russian) link

The Nobel Laureate group IPPNW (International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War) has taken a stand against subcritical tests - Read their 2012 letter to President Obama urging him to end future subcritical tests

Moratorium stimulates simulating bomb tests - Associated Press, July 8, 1993

Important dates:
October 27, 1995 - Dept. of Energy announces plans for subcritical nuclear tests in press release that also listed new contractor awardee link
September 24, 1996 - U.S. signs 'Comprehensive' Test Ban Treaty (that allows subcritical tests)

Recent quotes about subcrits, nuclear arms race, international agreements


'On the other hand, the Trump administration has dangerously shortened the United States's testing readiness time and increased funding for subcritical experiments that could grow into a size that violates the CTBT, whilst also unequivocally stating that it will not pursue CTBT ratification despite its signature and continued financial investments in the [International Monitoring System] IMS ... It is important that facts lead the debate on compliance because what has often been a lack of transparency on subcritical testing, which is allowed under the Treaty, has added to suspicions of explosive low-yield and hydronuclear testing that would violate the CTBT.'  'Is the Nuclear-Test-Ban the Next US Arms Control Target?' European Leadership Network

'The Prime Minister of the only atomic-bombed country in the world should protest against the U.S. subcritical nuclear test.' JCP Koike criticizes gov't for downplaying US subcritical N-test, Japan Press Weekly

'Director of the US Defense Intelligence Agency Robert Ashley has accused Russia of carrying out low-yield nuclear tests at its Novaya Zemlya site.... First Deputy Chairman of the State Duma's (lower house) Defense Committee Alexander Sherin is sure that "this is a continued primitive infowar against Russia." "This step by Washington may signal that the US is laying the groundwork to refuse to abide by the moratorium on nuclear tests, which the US has observed since 1992," Vladimir Batyuk, Chief Research Associate at the Russian Academy of Sciences' Institute for the US and Canadian Studies, said.'
'Press review: Putin sends signal on INF and Russia, US, Israel to talk Mideast security,' TASS (Russia)

'The U.S. allegations ... look like a well-planned and directed attack not only and not so much on Russia as on the arms control regime, and on the entire architecture for strategic stability," Anatoly Antonov, Russia's ambassador to the U.S. said.'
Russia in Review, May 24-31, 2019, Russia Matters (NGO)

NHK World printed in an article on May 27 that Japan's Chief Cabinet Secretary Yoshihide Suga 'told reporters that subcritical tests should be discussed as part of the effort to achieve global nuclear disarmament.'

 

From a certain, increasingly rare point of view, the origins of our planet’s new Cold War and nuclear arms race in 2019 may be partly traceable to a little known physics experiment called a subcritical nuclear experiment. Such experiments, which involve underground chemical explosions on weapons-grade plutonium yet fall short of triggering a runaway ‘chain reaction’ and ‘nuclear explosion' (they produce a nuclear yield no different than plutonium sitting on a shelf naturally does over time, but orders of magnitude more, but not a 'nuclear explosion?'), are carried out by nuclear club nations to allegedly ensure that their nuclear warheads are reliable. (Read more in The Nuclear Tests in Verbal Camoflauge and other background articles on right bar).

Because these subcritical tests so nearly flirt with the negative stigma surrounding conducting a full-scale or ‘hydronuclear’ nuclear test, suspicion and mistrust naturally attach themselves to these experiments. That suspicion and mistrust, especially in a global news vacuum (censorship), gives way to accusations and disputes that when global peoples and think tanks don’t see what’s going on, national leaders are left fighting a battle as Gods in the clouds. But there are no Gods, only mortals who can destroy a planet, as they almost did many times in the last Cold War. Aside: Does anyone have the answer to why U.S. anti-nuclear organizations stopped protesting and advocating against subcritical nuclear testing in the late 1990s?

In February 2019, on the eve of the U.S.-DPRK summit in Hanoi, the U.S. carried out its 29th subcritical nuclear test since 1997 (named Ediza). In the wake of that test, strong condemnation by DPRK over Ediza was ignored by global media outlets (outside of Japan) and then deflected as the U.S. then began accusing another nation (Russia) of violating the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT). This style of provocation continues through the late summer of 2019 -- and beyond.

The CTBT needs to be fixed to close a loophole that allows subcritical nuclear testing. This loophole weakens the international agreement and is agitating the world into a new nuclear arms race. Unless subcrits are banned, the CTBT is not comprehensive enough to do the job.

Ban Subcritical Nuclear Tests! - Andrew Kishner (updated 9.10.2020)

----------------------------

February 13, 2019 - NNSA (National Nuclear Security Administration) conducts 'Ediza' subcritical nuclear experiment in Nevada

May 24, 2019 -- NNSA's LLNL (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory) issues press release on Ediza

   * https://www.llnl.gov/news/plutonium-research-advance-stockpile-safely

(Prior, on May 6, 2019: it was learned the Ediza test breached the experiment's containment vessel and leaked radioactivity (LLNL press release didn't mention this)

   * https://www.exchangemonitor.com/ediza-data-future-test-schedules-unaffected-rad-leak-recent-subcritical-pu-test/ )

Last week of May 2019 - pronounced reaction to Ediza news by DPRK

https://www.nknews.org/2019/05/pre-hanoi-summit-u-s-subcritical-nuclear-test-a-sign-of-bad-faith-dprk-mfa/

Last week of May 2019 - Also, Japan's Chief Cabinet Secretary Yoshihide Suga commented on subcritical tests in NHK World's article 'Hiroshima Protests US Subcritical Nuclear Test.' In the article, Suga 'told reporters that subcritical tests should be discussed as part of the effort to achieve global nuclear disarmament.'

https://www3.nhk.or.jp/nhkworld/en/news/20190527_23/ (NHK's expired link)

June 13, 2019 - Defense Intelligence Agency Statement

https://www.dia.mil/News/Speeches-and-Testimonies/Article-View/Article/1875351/dia-statement-on-lt-gen-ashleys-remarks-at-hudson-institute/

DIA Statement on Lt. Gen. Ashley’s Remarks at Hudson Institute

Washington, D.C., June 13, 2019 — The following Defense Intelligence Agency statement responds to questions we have received about remarks DIA Director Lt. Gen. Robert P. Ashley, Jr., made at a Hudson Institute event May 29, 2019:

"The U.S. government, including the Intelligence Community, has assessed that Russia has conducted nuclear weapons tests that have created nuclear yield. Regarding China, the information raised at the Hudson Institute, coupled with China's lack of transparency on their nuclear testing activities, naturally raise questions about those activities in relation to the "zero yield" nuclear weapons testing moratorium adhered to by the United States, the United Kingdom, and France. These are actions that the U.S. government characterizes as inconsistent with the commitments undertaken by the United States, the United Kingdom, and France."

June 14, 2019

Marco Rubio's Press Release

https://www.rubio.senate.gov/public/index.cfm/press-releases?id=77916862-1529-423B-AEA5-FE186B4C15F5

Rubio Statement on U.S. Concerns about Russia, China, and the Nuclear Weapons Testing Moratorium

Miami, FL — U.S. Senator Marco Rubio (R-FL) issued the following statement after the Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA) revealed the U.S. Government, including the U.S. Intelligence Community, “has assessed that Russia has conducted nuclear weapons tests that have created nuclear yield” and also expressed concerns about China’s lack of transparency on nuclear testing activities:

“Any Russian or Chinese nuclear weapons test that produces nuclear yield not only violates the ‘zero yield’ moratorium on nuclear weapons testing that the U.S., Britain, and France have faithfully implemented, but also imperils the national security interests of America and our allies around the world.

“The U.S. assessment that Russia has conducted nuclear weapons tests producing nuclear yield is deeply alarming given Russia’s repeated and egregious violations of the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty.

“President Trump, with the unanimous support of all NATO members, was right to withdraw from the INF Treaty after Russia’s material breach of that agreement, and is right now to direct his Administration to pursue a 21st-century approach to arms control that deals with a broader range of nuclear weapons and nuclear-armed competitors.”

Rubio is a member of the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence and the Senate Foreign Relations Committee and Majority Administrative Cochairman of the Senate National Security Working Group.

Ediza (2/13/2019)

Jack and Jill went up the hill to fetch a pail of water;
Jack fell down and broke his crown, and Jill came tumbling after.

June 14, 2019

Inforos.com article

http://inforos.ru/en/?module=news&action=view&id=93184

Russian envoy demands that US present evidence to support words on nuclear tests in Russia

Russian Permanent Representative to International Organizations in Vienna Mikhail Ulyanov demanded on Friday that the US present evidence to support words about nuclear tests in Russia.

Ulyanov pointed out that the "US Government yesterday assessed that Russia has conducted nuclear weapons tests." This allegation was disregarded on May 29 by the Preparatory Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO Preparatory Commission) on the basis of data of the International Monitoring System, the diplomat tweeted.

"Interesting: 2 weeks ago US said 'probably'. Now it’s affirmative. Did US get new evidence?" Ulyanov wrote.

On May 29, Ulyanov told TASS that Russia observes moratorium for carrying out nuclear tests. Thus he commented on the statement made by Director of the Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA) Robert Ashley that Russia allegedly carried out very low-yield nuclear tests. That said, the Russian permanent representative called the US moratorium for nuclear tests unreliable.

The CTBTO Preparatory Commission told TASS earlier that its specialists did not register any unusual events in Russia, and nuclear test monitoring systems operate in a regular mode.

June 14, 2019

UrduPoint News / Sputnik Article

https://www.urdupoint.com/en/world/moscow-urges-us-to-prove-russias-alleged-nuc-645087.html

Moscow Urges US To Prove Russia's Alleged Nuclear Test Treaty Violations - Envoy

Moscow urges the United States to provide evidence substantiating its claims that Russia violated the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT), Russia's Permanent Representative to International Organizations in Vienna Mikhail Ulyanov said on Friday.

On Thursday, the US Defense Intelligence Agency released a statement claiming that the US government, including the intelligence community, had "assessed that Russia has conducted nuclear weapons tests that have created nuclear yield." No information proving the allegations was provided.

"US Government yesterday assessed that Russia has conducted nuclear weapons tests. This allegation was earlier disregarded by #CTBTO Prepcom on the basis of data of Intl. monitoring system. Interesting: 2 weeks ago US said "probably". Now it's affirmative. Did #US get new evidence?" Ulyanov said on Twitter, adding that Moscow was eager to see this evidence.

Director Lt. Gen. Robert Ashley suggested in May that Russia was "probably not adhering to" the nuclear testing moratorium outlined in the CTBT.

The CTBT, under which signatories pledge to halt nuclear weapons tests, was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in 1996. It is set to enter into force only after all states in Annex 2 sign and ratify it, but only 37 of 44 countries in question have ratified it so far. As of now, the treaty needs to be signed by India, North Korea and Pakistan, and ratified by China, Egypt, Iran, Israel and the United States.

June 17, 2019

TASS article

https://tass.com/politics/1064126

Russia slams new US accusations about nuclear tests as unfounded

These statements can be only considered as "a cover up" for Washington’s steps on leaving the CTBT, the Russian Foreign Ministry said

MOSCOW, June 17. /TASS/. Washington’s attempts to again accuse Russia of carrying out above the "zero yield" nuclear tests are unacceptable and have no grounds, the Russian Foreign Ministry said in a statement on Monday.

"The United States continues making unfounded accusations over Russia’s violation of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty," the ministry said, commenting on the June 13 statement of the Defense Intelligence Agency.

"We once again stress that all such accusations are absolutely unfounded. They can be only considered as "a cover up" for Washington’s steps on leaving the CTBT and resuming full-fledged nuclear tests," the ministry said.

According to the Foreign Ministry, the United States has not even bothered to invent at least a new scheme for fulfilling its plans and has almost completely repeated its steps on withdrawing from the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty. "Apparently, soon we should expect a statement of the US administration that it does not consider it possible to remain in the CTBT, which is allegedly violated by other parties."

Thus, the Foreign Ministry emphasizes that another crucial international treaty that is an essential element of ensuring safety and stability for the overwhelming majority of its participants, including Russia, has become "another object of the destructive US policy on undermining the international architecture of agreements in the sphere of non-proliferation and arms control."

The Defense Intelligence Agency’s statement claimed that Russia has carried out nuclear tests, which caused nuclear explosions. This document was prepared to elaborate the statement made by Director of the Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA) Robert Ashley, who said on May 29 that "the United States believes Russia is probably not adhering to the nuclear testing moratorium in a manner consistent with the zero-yield standard."

Russia has strongly rejected Ashley’s statement. On May 29, Russian Permanent Representative to International Organizations in Vienna Mikhail Ulyanov told TASS that Russia observes the moratorium for nuclear tests. On May 31, Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov dismissed the claims as nonsense

Moratorium on nuclear tests has been enforced in Russia for almost 30 years. The last such test was conducted at the Novaya Zemlya test site on October 24, 1990. Russia was one of the first countries to ratify the CTBT in 2000 and it strictly abides by its spirit and letter.

June 17, 2019

Urdupoint article

https://www.urdupoint.com/en/world/moscow-rejects-us-claims-of-russia-violating-646895.html

Moscow Rejects US Claims Of Russia Violating Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty

MOSCOW (UrduPoint News / Sputnik - 17th June, 2019) The Russian Foreign Ministry rejected on Monday Washington's claims that Russia was violating the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) as groundless.

The US Defense Intelligence Agency released last Thursday a statement claiming that Russia had conducted nuclear weapons tests that had created "nuclear yield." No information proving the allegations was provided.

"The United States continues putting forward groundless claims, accusing Russia of violating the CTBT, This time, these accusations were outlined in the statement that the US Defense Intelligence Agency released on June 13. We will stress once again that all such accusations are absolutely baseless. They cannot be qualified as anything but Washington's attempt to cover up its steps toward leaving the CTBT and resuming full-scale nuclear tests," the Russian Foreign Ministry said in a statement.

June 17, 2019

ExchangeMonitor article

https://www.exchangemonitor.com/defense-intelligence-agency-says-russia-yield-test-point/

Defense Intelligence Agency Says Russia Did Nuclear Yield Test

The U.S. Defense Intelligence Agency amped up criticism of Russia’s nuclear stockpile work last week, saying in a statement that the nation at some point “has conducted nuclear weapons tests that have created nuclear yield.”

That is a step beyond what agency Director Lt. Gen. Robert Ashley told reporters and the public in May at the Hudson Institute in Washington: that Russia “probably is not” adhering to the provisions of the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty that forbid nuclear weapon tests that produce a nuclear yield.

Russia has ratified the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty, which has not yet entered into force. The U.S. has not ratified the accord, although Washington observes a self-imposed ban on yield testing. The U.S. limits its stockpile stewardship to explosive subcritical tests carried out in containment vessels.

The Defense Intelligence Agency’s statement did not say when, where, or how Russia produced a nuclear yield.

“The U.S. government, including the Intelligence Community, has assessed that Russia has conducted nuclear weapons tests that have created nuclear yield,” the Defense Intelligence Agency stated last week.

Nuclear disarmament advocates dismissed Ashley’s initial claims at the Hudson Institute as a baseless repetition of old worries that Moscow was flouting the treaty.

Russian Ambassador Mikhail Ulyanov, representative for Moscow’s mission to Vienna, on Twitter called the Defense Intelligence Agency’s latest statement “fake news.”

June 17, 2019

Xinhua article

http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2019-06/17/c_138151116.htm

Russia denies conducting nuclear tests

MOSCOW, June 17 (Xinhua) -- The Russian Foreign Ministry on Monday denied U.S. accusations that Russia was violating the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) by conducting nuclear tests.

"All these accusations are completely groundless. They cannot be regarded as anything other than an attempt to justify Washington's preparations to withdraw from the CTBT and to resume full-scale nuclear tests," the ministry said in a statement.

Last week, the U.S. Defense Intelligence Agency published a statement, saying that "Russia has conducted nuclear weapons tests that have created nuclear yield."

The Russian Foreign Ministry said that the United States is "copying almost step-by-step the actions it took to pull out of the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty."

The ministry said it now expects a U.S. statement that Washington considers it impossible to remain committed to the CTBT "when others flout their obligations."

Russia has repeatedly said that it strictly adheres to the multilateral CTBT and has stopped nuclear testing since 1991 in compliance with the pact.

June 17, 2019

Trump Administration Accusations That Russia Violated Nuclear Treaty Are a 'Cover Up,' Moscow Claims - Newsweek article

https://www.newsweek.com/russia-trump-u-s-nuclear-treaty-tests-1444352

In an era in which keystone foreign policy doctrines and alliances have been put to the test, the future of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CNTB) appears precarious.

Officials in Washington have accused Russia of secretly carrying out low-yield nuclear tests in violation of the CNTB, which was opened for signature in 1996 and has since been ratified by 159 countries. It is the first time that the United States has accused Russia of breaking the ban since Moscow ratified it in the year 2000.

"The United States believes that Russia probably is not adhering to its nuclear testing moratorium in a manner consistent with the 'zero-yield' standard," Robert Ashley, director of the Defense Intelligence Agency, said in a speech at the conservative Washington D.C. think tank the Hudson Institute on May 29.

Russia, meanwhile, has denied that it is breaking the ban, arguing that Washington's accusations are "unacceptable" in a statement released nearly one month after U.S. officials first levied the charge.

"The United States continues making unfounded accusations over Russia's violation of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty," Russia's foreign ministry said in a statement.

"We once again stress that all such accusations are absolutely unfounded. They can be only considered as a cover up for Washington's steps on leaving the CTBT and resuming full-fledged nuclear tests," the statement continued, adding that the treaty had become, "another object of the destructive U.S. policy on undermining the international architecture of agreements in the sphere of non-proliferation and arms control."

The word "probably" in Ashley's statement drew some skepticism from nuclear experts who cast doubt on the U.S. claims. The Arms Control Association, a Washington-based research group, called on the Trump administration to release evidence to back up its assertion that Moscow was breaking the treaty.

"If the U.S. has credible evidence that Russia is violating its CTBT commitments, it should propose...mutual confidence-building visits to the respective U.S. and Russian test sites by technical experts to address concerns about compliance," the organization said in a statement.

The Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO), a group dedicated to monitoring nuclear tests, said that its international monitoring system (IMS) had not detected anything out of the ordinary.

"The CTBTO has full confidence in the ability of the IMS to detect nuclear test explosions according to the provisions of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty," the organization said in a statement. "The CTBT verification regime is already working and effective, with over 300 monitoring stations deployed around the world and sending data."

The statements were made at a time when arms treaties between the U.S. and Russia, both major nuclear powers, are falling apart.

The administration of President Donald Trump already pulled out of the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty (INF), citing Russia's violations of the treaty. In this case, North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) members agree that Moscow is violating the INF Treaty. Another key arms treaty, New START, will need to be renewed in 2021.

June 18, 2019

WIRED article

https://www.wired.com/story/us-to-russia-on-nuke-experiments-do-as-we-say-not-as-we-do/

US to Russia on Nuke Experiments: Do as We Say, Not as We Do

Excerpt:

Those involved in the 1996 test ban treaty negotiations say the secrecy that gives rise to accusations and counteraccusations was deliberately orchestrated by the US and Russia, which resisted efforts at the time by Princeton's von Hippel and others to include language in the treaty requiring reciprocal inspections of such experiments and to force them above ground. Both nations have also declined voluntary mutual inspections suggested by the Vienna monitoring agency.

Jean du Preez, who led external communications and international cooperation for the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty Organization from 2009 to 2016 and is now a senior manager at the James Martin Center, said that even in the last decade, “my personal beliefs then and now are that the [Latin and Caribbean nation] concerns are valid: These types of experiments are against the spirit and the letter of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty, and undermine the treaty.”

The organization would itself have the authority to inspect the experiments and to resolve any cheating claims if the treaty had entered into force and a significant majority of participating nations were suspicious that illicit testing had occurred. But eight holdout nations—the US, China, North Korea, Egypt, India, Iran, Israel, and Pakistan—have not yet ratified it, blocking it from formally taking effect and keeping the organization from conducting any verification efforts.

...

June 26, 2019

WashPost opinion

https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/trump-is-quietly-leading-us-closer-to-nuclear-disaster/2019/06/26/3348ca5e-9445-11e9-aadb-74e6b2b46f6a_story.html

Trump is quietly leading us closer to nuclear disaster

Excerpt:

So why would the Trump administration seek to restart nuclear testing? In March, four Republican senators wrote the president asking whether he would consider “unsigning” the CTBT, calling the pact a “deeply flawed treaty that purports to ban all nuclear weapons tests.” In late May, the director of the Defense Intelligence Agency stated Russia “probably” is not adhering to its nuclear testing moratorium. The word “probably” prompted more queries and a new DIA statement: “The U.S. government, including the Intelligence Community, has assessed that Russia has conducted nuclear weapons tests that have created nuclear yield.”

Are the Russians cheating? Russia’s nuclear test site has been under close scrutiny for years. But in the absence of more public information — information that if it exists would probably be highly classified and unlikely to be made public — we have little choice but to assess the administration’s charge based on its motivations and methods.

National security adviser John Bolton and other administration officials are fervent test-ban treaty opponents. The seemingly out-of-the-blue letter from Republican senators and the DIA director’s public remarks had the look of an orchestrated campaign — significantly with no apparent effort to engage with Moscow. More suspicious, someone in the Trump administration is leaking portions of the classified Clinton directive on activities not prohibited by the treaty, arguing the language “not all-inclusive, but illustrative” suggests uncertainty over the treaty’s ban. Anyone familiar with the directive and the test-ban treaty negotiating record would understand how completely misleading this is.

August 2, 2019

After suspending the INF treaty on Feb. 1, 2019, the U.S. formally withdraws on this date.

August 23, 2019

Riafan.ru

https://riafan.ru/1206117-voennyi-ekspert-obyasnil-nedovolstvo-kitaya-politikoi-dvoinykh-standartov-ssha

Military Expert Explains China’s Dissatisfaction With U.S. Double Standards Policy

[Google translation]

….

The military expert also called the fiction of the US statement on nuclear explosions in Russia. If Russia conducts subcritical nuclear tests, then there is no violation of the test agreement.

“The US has not ratified this treaty at all. China also conducts subcritical nuclear tests. I am opposed to this treaty and I believe that Russia should withdraw from it. It is necessary to verify the reliability of nuclear weapons. It is not known what the United States can do. Russia, in turn, depends on nuclear weapons. The mindless struggle for peace and disarmament threatens the country's security. We need to take advantage of the situation on how the United States behaves and stop fulfilling the terms of the comprehensive nuclear test ban treaty. The US can start testing at any time, but they need to justify it as if someone else had violated. In this vein, the United States decided to blame China, ”the FAN interlocutor said.

Earlier, the Russian Foreign Ministry called the US’s accusations against Moscow about violation of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) groundless . The ministry expressed confidence that in the near future the US authorities will announce their intention to withdraw from the nuclear test ban treaty under the pretext of violations by "its other participants."


 
AndrewKishner.com